UNIT 5- The experience of Architecture: Basic concepts.

—- PLACE —>Genius Loci is the set of elements that characterize and identify a place.                         

·Contrast -> Relation of abstraction. 

·Camouflage -> Relation of extreme integration and mimesis. 

·Organicism -> relation of sensitivity towards the place. 

·Contextualism -> Relation with the place is justifiable.


—-SPACE —> Architecture is the studied construction of spaces.   

·Classic space -> the space is closed and compact due to the historical massive wall type architecture.

·Uniform space -> these are abstract, rational perceived spaces and they only exist if used.

·Contemporary space -> there’s a total and absolute confusion of the public space with the space of relation. The concept of the free section is born.


—-FUNCTION —> You have to ask yourself WHAT you have to build to satisfy a function.                 

·Mechanical Functionalism -> is focused on the perfect mechanical efficiency and not on a deliberate search for beauty.

·Organic functionalism -> Adapts itself to the living functions which must be carried out in the environment.

·Moralistic functionalism -> Utility exists for an end. Beauty and utility are so close that they become confused.


—-FORM —>  The external configuration of things, figure.           

·Rhythm -> Sequence of shapes in space.

·Axis -> Linear element that marks a direction and distributes the spaces or elements around it.

·Symmetry -> Regular arrangement of parts of a figure in relation to a plan.

·Hierarchy -> Relationship of an element over others based on an established approach.

·Module -> A unitary element used as a proportional unit and repeated on different scales.

·Grid -> Composition based on a grid of axes serving as a guide.

·Movement -> The irregularity of the forms and the variants of the order.

·Unit -> Nothing should be removed or added in these compositions.

·Centrality -> Organization of space around a center.

·Balancing -> Complementary relationship between the elements of a composition.

·Limit -> An edge of the composition where there is a change from the rest.

.Light -> correct and magnificent of forms assembled in the light.

·Contrast -> Opposition difference between elements to produce a dynamic effect on the composition.

·Color -> Chromatic manifestation of the elements to be used. 

.Texture -> Surface finishing of the elements involved in the final perception of architecture.

·Proportion -> Harmonic relation according to certain geometric rules.

·Scale -> Relation between the size of the building and the size of the human.                            


—-MATERIALITY AND STRUCTURE —> Technology <-> Materials <-> Form.